THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MOTHER CLASS OF TODDLER-AGE TOWARDS KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOR ABOUT BREAST MILK SUBSTITUTE FOOD FOR AGE 6-12 MONTH

IN WEDI PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER AREA OF KLATEN REGENCY

  • Gita Kostania Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta
  • RD Rahayu Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta
Keywords: mother class of toddler-age, breast milk substitute food for age 6-12 month, knowledge, behavior

Abstract

In 2010-2012, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) described one of eight people of the world's population suffering from malnutrition. Most (as many as 852 million) live in developing countries. Based on the results of Riskesdas in 2013, there are 19.6 (%) cases of malnourished children under five, as many as 5.7 (%) infants suffered from malnutrition. Factors that cause malnutrition in infants are external and internal factors. External factors are knowledge and patterns of nutrition (Proverawati, 2007). The aim of mother class of toddler-age is to improve mother's knowledge for better behavioral in providing good nutrients for infant-toddler nutrition. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the implementation in mother class of toddler-age towards knowledge and their behavior about breast milk substitute food for age 6-12 month in Wedi Public Health Center area of Klaten Regency. This is an experimental quasi research. The actual population is all mother of children with age 6-12 months in region of Wedi, Klaten (as many as 411 mothers). Sampling technique is a cluster sampling based on Harry King sample (value 0.5%), divided into treatment group and control group, each 50 people, with total amount 100 respondents. Result of hypothesis test using Mann-Whitney Test, both knowledge and behavior variable has value (p=0,001). The conclusion is that the mother class of toddler-age is effective to change mother's knowledge and behavior about breast milk substitute food for age 6-12 month in Wedi Public Health Center area of Klaten Regency.

References

1. Almatsier S. 2004. Prinsip Dasar Ilmu Gizi, Cetakan Keempat. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.
2. Anonim. 2016. 1 dari 8 Penduduk Dunia Mengalami Gizi Buruk. http://nationalgeographic.co.id/berita/2015/01/1-dari-8-penduduk-dunia-mengalami-gizi-buruk. Diunduh tanggal 29 Januari 2016.
3. Atmarita. 2006. Makalah Widyakara Nasional Pangan dan Gizi VIII: Analisis Situasi Gizi dan Kesehatan Masyarakat. Direktorat Gizi Masyarakat, Departemen Kesehatan, Jakarta.
4. Azwar, Azrul. 2006. Naskah Pertemuan Advokasi Program Perbaikan Gizi Menuju Keluarga Sadar Gizi: Kecenderungan Masalah Gizi dan Tantangan di Masa Datang. Dirjen Bina Kesmas Depkes, Jakarta.
5. Depkes RI. 2007. Pedoman Umum Gizi Seimbang. DepKes RI, Jakarta.
6. ________. 2009. Pedoman Umum Manajemen Kelas Ibu, Kelas Ibu Hamil dan Kelas Ibu Balita. Depkes RI, Jakarta.
7. ________. 2016. Program Perbaikan Gizi Makro. www.gizi.depkes.go.id. Diunduh tanggal 29 Januari 2016.
8. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Klaten. 2015. Laporan Terpadu KIA. Klaten.
9. Kemenkes RI. 2011. Pedoman Penyelenggaraan Kelas Ibu Balita, Ibu Hamil dan Ibu Menyusui. Ditjen Bina Gizi dan Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak Kemenkes RI, Jakarta.
10. Dwijayanti, Linda. 2011. Ilmu Gizi Menjadi Sangat Mudah. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC, Jakarta.
11. Faruque A.S.G., Ahmed Shamsir A.M., Ahmed T, et.al. 2008. Nutrition: Basis for Healthy Children, and Mothers in Bangladesh; Journal of Health Popular Nutrition, Sep;26(3):325-339
12. Infodatin. 2015. Situasi dan Analisa Gizi. Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta.
13. _______. 2015. Situasi Kesehatan Anak Balita di Indonesia. Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta.
14. JICA. 2008. Lifleat Kelas Ibu Balita. Depkes RI, Jakarta.
15. Moehyi S. 1998. Pemeliharaan Gizi Bayi Dan Balita. Bhatara Karya Aksara, Jakarta.
16. Munthofiah, S. 2008. Thesis: Hubungan antara Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Ibu dengan Status Gizi Anak Balita. Program Pascasarjana UNS, Surakarta.
17. Notoatmojo, S. 2010. Promosi Kesehatan Teori dan Aplikasi. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.
18. Prakoso IB, Yamin A, Susanti D. 2012. Hubungan Perilaku Ibu dalam Memenuhi Kebutuhan Gizi dan Tingkat Konsumsi Energi dengan Status Gizi Balita di Desa Cibeusi Kecamatan Jatinangor Kabupaten Sumedang. Students E-Journal Vol.1, No.1, tahun 2012.
19. Proverawati, Atikah; Asfuah, Siti. 2010. Gizi untuk Kebidanan. Nuha Medika, Yogyakarta.
20. Septiana R, Nurdjannah S, Djamil MD. 2010. Hubungan antara Pola Pemberian Makanan Pendamping ASI (MP-ASI) dan Status Gizi Balita Usia 6-24 Bulan di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Gedongtengen Yogyakarta. Jurnal KesMas, Vol.4, No.2, Ed. Juni 2010: 76-143.

21. Spronk I, Kullen C, Burdon C, et.al. 2014. Relationship between Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Intake. British Journal of Nutrition, Volume 111, Issue 10, 28 May 2014 , pp. 1713-1726.
22. Suhardjo. 2007. Pemberian Makanan pada Bayi dan Anak. Kanisius, Yogyakarta.
23. Sugiyono. 2006. Statistika Untuk Penelitian. CV. Alfabeta, Bandung.
24. Wardle J, Parmenter K, Waller J. 2000. Nutrition Knowledge and Food Intake. Appetite, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2000, Pages 269-275.
25. Worsley A. 2002. Nutrition Knowledge and Food Consumption: Can Nutrition Knowledge Change Food Behaviour?. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 11, Issue S3, December 2002, Pages S579-S585.
26. Zhou, H.; Wang, X.; Ye, F.; Zeng, X.; and Wang, Y. 2012. Relationship between child feeding practices and malnutrition in 7 remote and poor counties, P R China. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 21 (2), 234-240.
Published
2018-12-28
How to Cite
[1]
Kostania, G. and Rahayu, R. 2018. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MOTHER CLASS OF TODDLER-AGE TOWARDS KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOR ABOUT BREAST MILK SUBSTITUTE FOOD FOR AGE 6-12 MONTH. Jurnal Ilmiah Bidan. 3, 3 (Dec. 2018), 11-19. DOI:https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.0809/jib.v3i3.71.
Section
Articles