The Effect Of Pregnancy Exercise Use Of Birth Ball On Pain Perceptions and Self Efficacy On Primigravida During Labor
Pregnancy and childbirth are continous process of human reproductive. During pregnancy there is imbalance hormone induce physical changes and also psychological. Pregnancy exercise is one way to maintain the health of pregnant women and to prepare physically and mentally to achieve the birth. Counseling in pregnancy is important to increase self efficacy dan coping pain labor. Exercise pregnancy use birth ball may facilitate self efficacy during childbirth and capacity to cope pain labor. This study aims to analyze the effect exercise pregnancy use birth ball to pain perceptions and self efficacy on primigravida during labor. The research method use Quasi Experiment with pretest-posttest control grup design, with the sample of 34 respondent. Sampling technique were counsecutive sampling devided by random permuted blocks. Pain perceptions assessment using VAS and self efficacy assessment using questionnaire adapted from CBSEI. The statistical test using Mann-Whitney tests and chi square test. The research showed that there is effect exercise use of birth ball on pain perceptions (p=0,004), and self efficacy (p=0,000). The Conclusion of this study is implementation of exercise pregnancy use birth ball effective to reduce pain perceptions and improve childbirth efficacy among women in labor. Pregnant women have high self efficacy, they have lower pain perceptions.
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